Suicide is taking one’s own life on a voluntary basis, without the participation of other people. Unfortunately, in modern society, the form of settling accounts with life is a fairly common occurrence. The reasons for suicide can be completely different; a person makes such a decision based on certain life difficulties of a psychological and social nature.
According to studies, 75% of people planning to commit suicide have revealed their intentions in one way or another.
These were both open threats and subtle hints of an impending suicide. Almost all of these people visited psychologists, social workers, doctors, or educators, from which it can be concluded that they tried to speak out. Signs of planned suicide are revealed during the conversation and are manifested in the duality of feelings. On the one hand, they experience hopelessness, and on the other, they hope for salvation.
In most cases, the arguments for and against such an act are fairly balanced. You can often help with simple words of support. If this is not done, the scales will tilt in favor of committing suicide. That is why it is so important to know the signs by which one can understand the planned suicide.
Signs can be behavioral, verbal, and social, with any cause for suicide. In the first group of signs, constant statements and unhealthy jokes about death are noted, and behavioral ones can manifest themselves in the sudden distribution of belongings. This also includes putting things in order in personal papers, affairs, reconciliation with people, and a sharp change in habitual behavior. Situational signs are manifested in social isolation, an unexpected crisis in the family, alcoholism.
Analyzing the causes of suicide, statistics show that the main ones are:
- Age crisis.
- Gross mental disorder of personality.
- Divorce from wife/husband.
- The death of a spouse.
- Lack of family.
- Incurable disease.
- Lack of work.
According to statistics, 30% of suicide attempts are repeated after a while, and 10% are carried out. In addition, attempts to commit suicide are recorded 6 times more often than completed suicides.
Scientists have identified a risk group where the possibility of committing suicide is significantly higher than that of other people. These include:
- persons leading an isolated lifestyle, the so-called loners;
- adolescents with interpersonal disorders;
- people who abuse alcohol or drugs;
- persons with criminal or deviant behavior;
- people with an increased level of self-criticism, as well as suffering from various humiliations;
- persons who have experienced the loss of a loved one;
- adolescents with frustration and adults with neuroses.
All causes of suicide can be psychological or social. A deep conflict of motives within the personality can lead to an attempt to commit suicide.
Psychological reasons for suicide often lie in early childhood. As a rule, these are authoritarian parents who show excessive cruelty in upbringing. This often results in the manifestation of aggression in adulthood, when a person tries to change his life situation in this way. If the objects of aggression cannot be found, it can turn to the person himself, which will lead to suicide. Another psychological aspect of suicide is associated with hysterical and demonstrative manifestations. As a rule, this is the desire to manipulate another person.
For example, a girl may take a large dose of sleeping pills, hoping that she will be rescued and the young man’s attitude towards her will change. Or a guy may deliberately participate in dangerous races, thus seeking to influence the emotions of a loved one. How far a person can go in his attempts to manipulate, even he himself does not know. But the more conscious the motives of actions, the less tragic consequences. Another psychological reason for suicide is the desire to punish inattention. It seems to a person in this situation that people will bitterly regret their behavior after his death.
Unfortunately, such a reason has no real basis, those whom he wants to punish, as a rule, do not really experience such a departure from life. These are the main causes of suicide in adults and adolescents, and most often, it concerns young people of a certain age.